Congestion Mitigation and Air Quality Improvement (CMAQ) and Regional Surface Transportation (RSTP) Program Funding
In addition to managing and programming HB 2313 revenues, the NVTA makes funding recommendations on Northern Virginia’s annual programming of CMAQ and RSTP funds, which are part of the overall mix of transportation funding available to Northern Virginia. With regional collaboration in mind, the Authority works with its member localities in order to recommend the programming of over $83 million annually to the Commonwealth Transportation Board for approval. The actual funds are received and held by the Commonwealth of Virginia. In 2017, CMAQ and RSTP funding availability was revised for FY2018-FY2023 due to revised allocations under the FAST Act. NVTA worked with its jurisdictions to ensure timely programming of these funds.
In the United States, regions found to be in non-attainment for air quality standards (air pollution), like Northern Virginia, are eligible for federal CMAQ funds. The most recent federal surface transportation legislation, Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, along with its predecessor Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century (MAP 21), requires non-attainment areas for fine particulate matter (PM 2.5) – an air pollutant impacting public health – to allocate a portion of CMAQ funds to projects that will reduce fine particular matter. In February 2017, the NVTA recommended $29.6 million in FY2023 funding for projects for CTB approval. The allocation for FY2018-FY2023 is shown in Table 4 below.
Allocation of CMAQ Funds
RSTP provides flexible funding to Northern Virginia, and similar regions across the country, that may be used for projects to improve and preserve conditions and performance on federal-aid highways, public bridges and tunnels, bicycle and pedestrian infrastructure, and transit capital projects. In Virginia, these funds are available to Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) with populations greater than 200,000. While the NVTA is not a federally designated MPO, it fulfills this function for Northern Virginia. In February 2017, the NVTA recommended the programming of $53.6 million in RSTP FY2023 funding for CTB approval. The allocation for FY2018 – FY2023 is found in Table 5 below.
Allocation of RSTP Funds